Report by Nils Muižnieks, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, following his visit to Italy, from 3 to 6 July 2012, CommDH(2012)26, 18 September 2012

UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), UNHCR Recommendations on Important Aspects of Refugee Protection in Italy , July 2012

Decision of the Court of Milan, I Criminal Section, No. 8408 of 18 July 2012

Decision of the Constitutional Court No. 172 of 2 July 2012

G.U. 11 July 2012, No. 28

Decision of the Court of Cassation, VI Civil Section, No. 11586 of 18 April 2012

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Eightieth session (13 February – 9 March 2012), Consideration of reports submitted by States Parties under Article 9 of the Convention, Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (combined sixteenth to eighteenth periodic reports of Italy) (CERD/C/ITA/CO/16-18) 9 March 2012

Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights, Grand Chamber, 23 February 2012, Hirsi Jamaa and Others v. Italy (Application No. 27765/09)

European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, ECRI Report on Italy (fourth monitoring cycle), adopted on 6 December 2011, published on 21 February 2012 (CRI(2012)2)

Decree of the Court of Rome, I Civil Section, 20 January 2012