In its first report on the implementation of the Convention in Italy, the GRETA emphasizes the developments in law to combat trafficking in human beings and relating to long-term care performance, especially following the ratification of the Convention and the transposition, by Legislative decree No. 24/2014, of Directive 2011/36/EU on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims. While the report highlights the central role played by civil society organizations in the creation of regional and local networks useful for detecting and assisting victims of trafficking, on the other hand, it detects the absence of a coordination structure involving together public authorities and the associations involved in the sector. Another problematic issue raised is the failure to adopt a national strategy and an action plan, as well as the delay in the identification of victims, which should enjoy a residence permit and adequate care, especially when they end in the net of crime. In addition, if Italy has a long experience in the fight against trafficking for sexual exploitation, greater efforts should be undertaken to combat trafficking of children and migrants.